Knowing how to do an action is a prerequisite to having the correct intention and performing it correctly. Therefore it is incumbent upon each of us to familiarise ourselves with the rulings regarding one the greatest forms of worship Allah has commanded His believing servants to perform, fasting during the month of Ramadhaan.
Based on the classical text ‘Umdatul Fiqh by Ibn Qudamah al Maqdisi, this course will focus on the following juristic issues: Preconditions, recognising the start of the month, matters that nullify the fast, expiations for breaking the fast, ‘I’tikaaf (spiritual retreat) as well as contemporary issues.
This is a companion course to "Spiritual Preparation for Ramadhaan" and should be studied in conjunction with this other course to maximise the benefits reaped during the month of Ramadhaan.
In this course you will learn the following:
- What is the legal definition of fasting?
- How does one intend to fast?
- Upon whom is fasting an obligation?
- When should one fast?
- Is a pregnant woman excused from fasting?
- When should one break one's fast?
- For whom is it permissable to break their fast?
- What things and actions nullify the fast?
- At what other times can one fast?
- What are the legal rulings regarding seclusion (Itikaf) in the Masjid?
Biography of the Author:
He was, Shaykh Ul Islam, Imam Muwaffaq Ad Deen Abu Muhammad Abdullah Ibn Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Qudama Ibn Miqdam Ibn Nasr Ibn Abdillah Ibn Hudhaifa Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ya'qub Ibn Al Qasim Ibn Ibrahim Ibn Ismail Ibn Yahya Ibn Muhammad Ibn Salim Ibn As Sahabi Al Jalieel Abdillahi Ibn Amer Al Mumineen 'Umar Ibn Al Khattab Al 'Adawi Al Qurashi, better known as Ibn Qudama Al Maqdisi from the lineage of Umar Ibn Al Khattab رضي الله عنه.
He was born in Palestine in the month of Sha'baan, 541 A.H. When he was eight, his family were forced to move to Damascus due to the conquering crusaders. At this early age and time of upheaval, the Imam continued to study completing his memorisation of the Qur'an, and studying the basics of the Islamic Sciences and the compendium of Hanbali fiqh, Mukhtasar of Al Khiraqi. He went on to study with the most notable scholars of his age, before going on to becoming a respected teacher and jurist in his own right. He wrote several books in the field of Fiqh, including Al Umda (The Mainstay), Al Muqni' (The Sufficer), Al Kaafi (The Fully Sufficient) and the compendious book in comparative Fiqh, Al Mughni (The Enricher). He has many other extant works of scholarly worth in various field such as Hadith, Aqeedah and Usool Ul Fiqh.
He died on 'Eid Ul Fitr 620 A.H. May Allah bestow His mercy upon him, and may He cause his afterlife to be lived in the company of the righteous, who dwell for all eternity in everlasting bliss.
Additional Reading Material:
- Matters Relating to Fasting by Sheikh Muhammad Salih Al Munajjid
- Fiqh of Fasting by Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips
- The Nature of Fasting by Ibn Taymiyyah
- Fiqh Us Sunnah by Syed Sabiq
Having studied this course, you should consider studying the following:
- Hanafi Fiqh: Mukhtasar al Quduri
- Manhaj as Salikeen
- Umdatul Ahkaam (Purification)
- Hanbali Fiqh: Umdatul Fiqh (Purification)
- Umdatul Ahkaam (Salaah)
- Hanbali Fiqh: Umdatul Fiqh (Salah)
- The Fiqh of Ramadhan
- The Fiqh of Hajj
- The Fiqh of Food and Clothing
- The Fiqh of Inheritance
- Fiqh Pertaining to Women
- The Fiqh of Menstruation
- Umdatul Ahkaam (Mariage & Divorce)
- The Fiqh of Marriage, Family and Divorce
- Usool ul Fiqh
- Qawaid Fiqhiyyah
- The Niqaab and Hijaab
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